Learning to Disagree

​About the project

​In our world today young people are increasingly influenced by social media and the information found on the internet. This exposes young people to different extremist ideologies and alternative facts. Teachers are often confronted with radical views and expected to deal with them. This project aims to aid educators in how to constructively discuss and debate these issues by exploring different aspects of an issue. The competences that students have learned through meaningful dialogue and debate at school will also enable these students to deal constructively with tensions and disagreement in their daily life.

Project Aims

​​To empower educators across Europe to enable students to acquire social and civic competences through debates, dialogue and discussion on contested issues as part of their formal education.

Expected Outcomes

Needs Assessment

​The needs assessment is designed to assess what educators need in order to help their students to acquire social and civic competences through dialogue, debate and discussion on contested issues. Read the full Needs Assessment Report here.

Exemplar content for dialogue, debate and discussion

This intellectual output will consist of 12 sets of content that enable students and educators to have dialogue, debates and discussions on contested issues. Each set of contents will provide information on the issues at stake, the historical context, a variety of viewpoints, and questions that make students think.

Teacher's guide on dialogue, debate and discussion

The guide will help educators to apply dialogue, debate and discussion in practice. The guide will include support material for at least 12 types of dialogue, debate and discussion, including information that educators can use on which type works best in which context, and will be available in 12 languages.

Teachers guide on assessing social and civic competences

The guide will include descriptions of the competences, aligned with various international documents, including the Council of Europe Competences for Democratic Culture (2016). It then sets out to help educators identify what competences students need to develop further, and helps educators to make clear what needs to be done in order to be competent.

Training package on how to use the educational resources

The training package will consist of a set of resources that can be used for presentations, workshops and other training elements that will help educators to use the resources developed in the project.

Policy recommendations

The policy recommendations will point out to  policy makers in what way the findings of the needs assessment  either support or contradict existing policies which facilitate a teacher’s ability to not only de-escalate tensions in the classroom but channel them into constructive dialogue, discussion and debate that in turn supports learning. They will also illustrate to what extent the exemplar content  is illustrative of the capacity of history education, including its specific methodology of multiperspectivity in fostering student’s ability to cope with a variety of viewpoints, is able to enhance in the wider learning process. Building on this, the recommendations will identify opportunities and challenges for mainstreaming this in history education. From the two guiding materials, essential elements which could be enhanced through educational policies will be highlighted.

National Trainings

The Learning to Disagree team members are organizing National Trainings to present the project, the teacher guides on Dialogue, Debate and Discussion and on Assessment, the Variety of Viewpoints and the Lesson Plans. National Trainings are set to take place in the Fall of 2020 in 12 countries: Bulgaria, Croatia, Estonia, France, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Turkey, and the United Kingdom. All trainings will be held in local language, and the material presented will be partly in English and partly in local language as well. Unfoturnately, due to the current Covid-19 pandemic, at the moment there are no details as to whether the National Trainings will take place online or in a face-to-face environment. More information on the location and dates of National Training will be uploaded soon.


Latest news

Learning to Disagree training in Italy

The project Learning to Disagree was presented in Italy during a National Training organized in cooperation with the Chair of History Education of the University of Bari (Apulia region). The training took place as a cycle of three webinars held in July and focused on strategies to implement learning in times of pandemic. Speakers during the first …

Learning to Disagree Offline – An in-person workshop for teacher trainers in Miskolc, Hungary

Djoera Otter Articles, Report

Picture: Participants discuss the Lesson Plan in small groups.   Learning to Disagree is slowly but steadily coming to an end. This project was initiated in response to the needs of educators who experience difficulties in addressing sensitive and controversial issues in their classrooms.  The project offers workshops and support materials for teachers to face …

Public Report Potsdam Training December 2019

EuroClio Project Updates, Report

The fifth Learning to Disagree training took place in in Potsdam, Germany from 13 to 15 December 2019. It was organized by EuroClio in cooperation with the Georg Eckert Institute and the Leibniz Centre for Contemporary History Potsdam. Nineteen history and citizenship educators were present from the following 17 countries: Bulgaria, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, …

Public Report Utrecht Training August 2019

Charlotte Pontifell Report

The fourth training of the Learning to Disagree project took place in Utrecht (The Netherlands) from 19 to 21 August 2019 and was organised by EUROCLIO and Utrecht University. For the training 23 history and citizenship educators were present from the following 16 countries: Bulgaria, Croatia, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, the …

Learning to disagree: How?

Maayke De Vries Articles

Student populations are no longer homogenous in our globalized classrooms, therefore there is an increased likelihood of spontaneous disagreements in the classroom. In light of the project “Learning to Disagree”, EuroClio aims to support educators in discussing controversial topics by developing teaching materials and guidelines. This blog post focuses on preparatory work for educators before …

Controversy and Polarization in European Contexts: Sharing insights from a research meeting in Brussels

Lexi Oudman Articles

One of a teacher’s worst nightmares is when a classroom explodes into a heated argument that gets out of control. This is possible in all contexts and for various reasons; some instances are predicable, while others are completely unexpected. EuroClio has been exploring these issues with the ongoing Learning to Disagree project, with resources available …

What do teachers have to say on debating controversial subjects in the classroom?

In the early stage of the Learning to Disagree project, Georg Eckert Institute researchers performed a needs assessment, to collect the opinions and input from educators on the issue of debate, dialogue, and discussion in the classroom. Six focus group discussions were held, involving 25 participants from 23 European countries. Based on the data collected, …

Third L2D Seminar Focuses on Teaching Strategies and Assessment

Jaco Stoop Project Updates

From 17 to 20 January, Maynooth University, opened its doors to the core team of Learning to Disagree. Anthony Malone and Majella Dempsey, representatives of Maynooth University in the project, hosted the third development and training seminar. In earlier seminars in Topola (Serbia) and Berlin, the core team started developing learning materials on how to …