Join EuroClio’s General Assembly 2020

EuroClio Association, EUROCLIO

Hello everyone!

On behalf of the EuroClio Board, we would like to invite you all to join EuroClio's General Assembly (GA)! It is open to all of our members and is meant to democratically discuss how the Association is doing.

As you know, the General Assembly was set to take place in Belgrade, Serbia, embedded in our 27th Annual Conference. Unfortunately, due to health and safety regulations implemented throughout Europe to face the spread of covid-19, we decided to postpone the Annual Conference to the Fall.

We decided, however, to hold the General Assembly when it was originally planned, on 04 April 2020 from 16:00 to 18:00. The General Assembly will be held online.

Why attend the General Assembly?

One of the most important events in the annual calendar of EuroClio is the General Assembly, as it allows our members to discuss the Association's results of the year, the budget for the coming year, and plans for the future.

In addition, this year, the GA will elect a new board member, re-elect two audit committee members, and vote on a new application for full membership. While only the full members can vote on those decisions, every member (individual, associated or full) can attend the GA!

The General Assembly 2020 will take approximately two and a half hours. You can access all the documents regarding the General Assembly here.

How to attend the online GA?

EuroClio will be using the platform zoom.us to host its GA. Zoom is a video conferencing platform that you can access from your computer.

To join the meeting, you will need to register at this link: (https://zoom.us/meeting/register/u5Mtd-mrqDsieVDe-QQ4hzl-ZIH4NuI0ew). On 04 April, you will just need to click on the link in your internet browser, register via google or facebook, and you will join us in the online meeting room. We would invite you to join at 15:45, so that we are ready to start at 16:00.

We hope to see many of you online!!

 

Announcement on COVID-19: Annual Conference POSTPONED to 10-14 November

Andreas Holtberget Association, EUROCLIO

UPDATE 23-03-20 New Conference Dates Announcement: 10-14 November

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The EuroClio Annual Conference for 2020 was originally planned for 31 March - 4 April 2020. On 11 March 2020, the Serbian government issued a ban on all meetings with more than 100 participants throughout April, and several European countries have since been placed in lockdown as a result of the pandemic.

As a result, the Conference was postponed to Fall 2020 and we are now pleased to announce the new dates as 10-14 November 2020. We aim to offer the same programme sessions whenever we can.

The postponed conference will take place in Belgrade, Serbia, as originally planned.

Please consult the event page for updates on the programme and Conference registrations.

Call for Member Associations to co-host the EuroClio Annual Conference 2021

Katria Tomko Association, EUROCLIO

Are you and your EuroClio Member Association interested in hosting the next EuroClio Annual Conference? Do you believe you have the perfect location and theme for our 28th Annual Conference of 2021?

Then, we are looking for you!

We are glad to announce that we are opening a call for Member Associations to host the Annual Conference 2021.

Who can apply?

Every EuroClio Member Association who has participated in the General Assembly, EuroClio projects, or EuroClio trainings in the past five years.

How to apply?

To apply, please send a draft budget, draft programme, and letter of motivation to Alice Modena at alice@euroclio.eu.

  • The draft budget should indicate prices for accommodation, meals, and the cultural programme and should not exceed 70 euro costs per person per day when taking into consideration 100, 150, and 200 participants.
  • The draft programme should indicate the proposed theme, keynote, cultural programme, evening programme, school visits, and topic for an additional session. Below, you can see more details on the programme requirements.
  • The letter of motivation should indicate why your Member Association would like to host the Annual Conference 2021, what kind of experience you already have and would like to gain, and how you would like to promote the conference in your country and abroad.

The deadline for applications is Sunday 1 March 2020.

Selection Criteria

The selection will be based on: completeness of the application, relevance of the theme to the overall mission of EuroClio, appeal to the international community of history and citizenship educators, financial feasibility, ease of access to the conference location, and geographic balance (relative to recent Annual Conferences).

Selection process

We will shortlist three potential locations and reach out to the finalists with follow-up questions. The final decision will be made by 22 March, so that we can announce the location of the Annual Conference 2021 at the upcoming General Assembly.

Programme Requirements

The theme. The Annual Conference you are proposing should have an inspiring theme, which speaks to history and citizenship educators from across Europe and beyond and is related to what your conference location has to offer. Examples of themes from the past few years:

  • Controversy and Disagreement in the Classroom (2020, Belgrade, Serbia);
  • Bringing History to Life (2019, Gdansk, Poland);
  • Mediterranean Dialogues (2018, Marseille, France);
  • Intersections (2017, San Sebastian, Spain);
  • Reimagining Remembrance (2016, Belfast, Northern Ireland).

Programme content. Every session of the programme should be connected to the theme.

The final programme will be set by EuroClio as it must meet existing commitments and support our strategic plan. However, we want you as a local partner to also have a strong say. For this reason, in the application we ask you to advance a proposal for:

  • A topic for a Keynote Lecture to set the tone of the Annual Conference
  • An interesting cultural programme (including three different on-site learning options)
  • An interesting optional programme for early arrivals
  • An evening programme for one evening
  • A topic for a panel discussion / world café / discussion tables (of your choice)

As a host, you are expected to help arrange school visits.

The Annual Conference will also include active workshops, both from participants and from speakers invited by EuroClio, and other sessions still to be determined.

Budget Requirements

In order for EuroClio to be able to organize the Annual Conference, the hard cost can be maximum 70 euro per day per person. The difference between this and the conference fees is needed to offer discounts to members and workshop hosts and to cover the costs of the board and secretariat.

The hard costs consist of:

  • Meeting rooms
  • Dinner, including a final festive dinner
  • Lunch
  • Coffee Break
  • Cultural programme Including transport
  • Costs of speakers.

Please provide a scenario for 100, 150, and 200 persons. If it is not possible to keep the costs within these limits, it is necessary that you include a plan to acquire additional funding in the application. In such a case, please indicate the donor, the deadline to apply for the funding, who should apply, and indicative amount.

From Tribunal to Classroom

First round of trainings with UN Residual Mechanism for Criminal Tribunals completed

The UN International Residual Mechanism for Criminal Tribunals (IRMCT) has partnered with EuroClio in delivering training to history teachers in Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia-Hercegovina, North Macedonia and Kosovo.

With the prosecution work of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) nearly completed, its successor body IRMCT, has turned its attention to the ways in which the Tribunal’s legacy can be used in educational settings. The partnership with EuroClio targets educational professionals who are faced with the challenges of teaching students about the recent violent history of the former Yugoslavia.

Facilitated by expert teacher trainers from the History Teachers’ Associations of Montenegro, North Macedonia, Kosovo and Serbia, along with individual teacher trainers from Bosnia-Hercegovina, the first round of trainings was completed in Pristina 1 February 2020. Previous editions of the workshop were held in Belgrade, Podgorica, Sarajevo and Skopje, with a second round commencing in Podgorica 22-23 February 2020.

A session introducing the archives of the Tribunal will also be held in connection with EuroClio’s Annual Conference in Belgrade.

As part of the training workshop, local history teachers are not only introduced to the archives of the ICTY, but also given guidance on how these sources can be used in their classrooms. Aided by the local teacher trainers, they are furthermore offered the opportunity to design their own learning materials with the available sources.

EuroClio is proud to work with the IRMCT in this important work, showing how the sources available from the transitional justice process can be used in a responsible way, instilling students with the critical thinking skills needed for tackling a recent and difficult past still very much felt in contemporary society across the former Yugoslavia.

We direct a particular mention and thanks to the facilitators Natasha Kostic, Emina Zivkovic, Igor Radulovic, Milos Vukanovic, Mire Mladenovski, Donika Xhemajli, Admir Ibricic, and Arna Daguda-Torlakovic, as well as Rada Pejic-Sremac and Anisa Suceska-Vekic from IRMCT.

 

For more information on the project or potential collaborations with EuroClio, please contact Andreas Holtberget at andreas@euroclio.eu

 

Call for EuroClio Board Member Candidates

EuroClio Association, EUROCLIO

Each year, EuroClio – Inspiring History and Citizenship Educators holds its General Assembly during the Annual Professional Training and Development Conference. In 2020 the Assembly will include elections for one new Board Member. Individuals are kindly invited to apply as new candidate for Board Membership. Applications should be received before February 23rd 2020, by using the Board Candidacy Form in order to circulate the information one month prior to the General Assembly.

The EuroClio Board meets regularly online and offline to determine the association's strategy, and review and monitor its budget and the implementation of the action plan. For more information about the responsibilities of board members, please have a look at Article X of the association's statutes. The elections will take place at the General Assembly on 4th of April, in Belgrade. 

 

We kindly ask you to forward this Call to your association’s membership and/or relevant networks.

 

Our new EuroClio logo

Andreas Holtberget Association, EUROCLIO

As we begin work in a new decade, we are proud to present our new EuroClio logo. A new logo representative of our mission and values marks a key step in professionalising our communication efforts and raising the visibility of EuroClio’s work.

The new logo is furthermore the result of a process in which our extended community were invited to contribute. We therefore direct a big and timely thanks to everyone who sent us ideas, or contributed to the ‘word cloud’ of what truly represents us as an Association.

The new logo features several elements that aptly illustrate our values, mission and vision. Most notably, the focus on quality history education is represented through the silhouette of Clio – the mythological muse of history. Our muse also serves to espouse the human-centred focus of our Association, working with educators and learners across the world.

Our efforts at promoting mutual understanding and peace is represented through the olive branch – itself a powerful symbol of peace since Antiquity.

The promotion of multiperspective approaches to history teaching, based on mutual respect, is core to our mission and is represented by taking inspiration from faceted minerals. A circular gemstone makes for a perfect visual interpretation of the value of multiple perspectives, highlighted by the different tones and kaleidoscopic qualities that such gems display.

The new colour scheme – purple – is a slight departure from the ‘European’ blue featured in our old logo, helping to distinguish ourselves from EU bodies and other organisations focused on Europe. Finding a logo that stands out among the many other organisations alluding to both Clio and to Europe was important to us and we hope to have achieved this both in style and colour.

We finally direct our great appreciation to the designer of our new logo, Carlos Marcelino. His patience and excellent work in guiding us through the process has been invaluable in finding a logo that truly represents EuroClio, our mission and work.  With the logo now in place, EuroClio’s Secretariat will continue the work with phasing in the accompanying visual identity kit in all of our external communications.

IAIE Success for EuroClio

Sinéad Fitzsimons Association, EUROCLIO

In November 2019, EuroClio took an exciting new step in the world of educational research in chairing one of the research strands at the International Association for Intercultural Education’s (IAIE) annual conference in Amsterdam. The theme of the conference was “Another Brick in the Wall: Transforming Education” and focused on sharing insights pertaining to diversity in relation to the fields of Intercultural Education, Multicultural Education, Human Rights Education, Citizenship Education, Education Democracy and Global Education. The five day conference began with three days of practical workshops for practitioners followed by two days of academic research presentations and keynote speeches. In this way, the workshop had two motives – to share best practice and to share leading research (and of course, how those two overlap). Although participants did not need to attend all five days, some did which led to a unique opportunity for academics and practitioners to reflect and learn together.

EuroClio’s central role was to chair one of the research strands during the final two days of the conference. EuroClio’s Director Steven Stegers and I have the privilege to lead this and we both thoroughly enjoyed the experience. The strand, which was one of eight thematic strands included in the conference, focused on ‘Multiperspectivity in History Teaching.’ Presentations within the strand covered a wide range of research topics such as multiperspectivity when teaching the Holocaust, history education in the context of global migration, digital tools to promote multiperspectivity, how to respect refugee identities through history education and several national case studies considering the challenges and opportunities for history education within and across borders. To see all the presentation topics and the associated presenters, please click here. Full details on the conference and details about all strands can be found here.

There were many special elements about this conference, but I’ve narrowed it down to my top 6 reasons why this was a great experience.

  1. EuroClio being an active contributor to the field of academic research.

Although EuroClio has been involved in several research projects in the past and has produced and contributed to many significant research reports, EuroClio as an association has never served as a co-organiser or strand leader at an international multidisciplinary academic conference. Of course, EuroClio and the EuroClio network is not new to academic research. Many of EuroClio’s members, ambassadors, board members, trainers, trainees and staff have experience conducting academic research and have made great contributions to the field of history and citizenship education.  Undoubtedly, it was the work of these individuals that has enabled EuroClio as an association to become an increasingly active presence in the field of academic research. We hope that this presence will only grow in the future!

  1. High calibre research and researchers.

The second reason why this experience was so exciting for EuroClio was because it was such a great quality conference! Participants included many high calibre academics from leading university and think tanks who have completed interesting and thought provoking research. For example, one of the keynote speakers was Jim Cummins, Professor Emeritus at the University of Toronto and a world leader on effective multilingual teaching to promote inclusivity and cohesion. Another keynote speaker was Dr. Maurice Crul from the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam and the Erasmus University Rotterdam who is one of the global leaders on research into the experience of children of migrants. He also serves as the international chair of IMISCOE (International Migration, Integration and Social Cohesion) network. These are just two examples of a long list of internationally renowned academics who were present.

  1. Strong EuroClio representation.

Among the high calibre presenters and workshop leaders were some very impressive members of the EuroClio community. Ute Ackermann Boeros led a workshop on teaching multi-perspectivity through the International Baccalaureate. Steven Stegers presented on the key themes and oversights of multiperspectivity. Gijs Martijn van Gaans presented on research he has conducted on multiperspectivity and collective historical narratives. Dr. Bjorn Wansink presented his recent work on multiperspectivity and Holocaust education. Mare Oja presented on how multiperspectivity is incorporated into History Education in Estonia. Lexi Oudman and Maayke de Vries co-presented on approaches to teaching sensitive history in international school contexts. Finally, I presented the first phase of a research project on the effectiveness of EuroClio’s recent crowdsourcing method for resource development. The wonderful Joke van der Leeuw-Roord also attended the conference and initiated many thought provoking and stimulating discussions. In short, EuroClio had a strong representation throughout the conference and really did the association proud.

  1. Broadening of the EuroClio network.

Based on number 3 above, it is clear that EuroClio went into the conference with a strong network, but this network had strengthened even more by the end of the conference.  Many more people learned about the work that EuroClio does and the potential ways that they can get involved in the future. In addition, the team made many connections to scholars and field leaders in disciplines beyond History Education. These individuals offer diverse experiences, skills and findings that could further improve EuroClio’s work. In addition, making connections with participants from Greece, Italy, Israel, Norway, the Netherlands, Sweden, Iceland, Slovakia, Hungary, Czech Republic, the Ukraine, China, Germany, the UK and the United States means that EuroClio’s international network continues to strengthen around the world.

  1. The DENISE school.

The location of the conference is the 5th reason why this was such a special experience. The conference was held in Amsterdam at De Nieuwe Internationale School van Esprit (DENISE). DENISE is an international school that offers five different learning programmes so every student can learn in a way that serves their own needs and personal choices. For example, it offers English-medium teaching, Dutch-medium teaching, an English-Dutch Dual Language programme, the International Baccalaureate, the Dutch curricula (including MAVO and HAVO) and other merged programmes. The students of DENISE come from different backgrounds, speak different languages and have had very different life experiences. Some students are Dutch nationals whereas others arrived to the Netherlands as refugees. However, what is perhaps the most surprising aspect of DENISE is that it is an international public school which means that students do not need to pay fees. This is rare for this level of quality international education. Students are also taught explicitly about intercultural competence which illustrates the inclusive values of the school. Throughout the conference, students kindly volunteered their time and assisted with many of the housekeeping duties and providing assistance to participants. You could see the pride that these students had in their school and how proud they were to be showcasing it through the conference. It really added to the atmosphere of the conference and was a great reminder of what education research should always be working towards – supporting a quality teaching and learning experience for all students.

  1. Developing a partnership with IAIE for the future.

The final point on this list does not represent the end of the list. In truth, the possibility to continue this partnership with the IAIE in the future represents a continuation of this list. Barry van Driel, President of the IAIE is keen to continue the partnership to the next IAIE conference which will be held in the autumn of 2020 in Greece. Through this conference we hope to further share and celebrate the work of EuroClio and to further broaden the EuroClio network.

After explaining those 6 reasons for why the conference was so great, there is only one thing left to say – who will be joining us at IAIE 2020?

 

Dr. Sinéad Fitzsimons is a former Board Member and current Ambassador of EuroClio. With Cambridge Assessment, she works on several projects connected to curriculum development, international curriculum, curriculum mapping and qualitative research methods in education.

The case for teaching the history of the European Integration

Veronika Budaiová Association

The EuroClio thematic seminar on ‘Teaching European Integration” held at the House of European History on 22-24 November 2019 was opened by a keynote lecture from Liesbeth van de Grift*, Associate Professor History of International Relations at Utrecht University. She focused on the theme ‘The case for teaching the history of European integration’, and in particular on the guiding question:

  • Why is it important to teach the history of European integration?
  • What are potential challenges and obstacles when teaching the history of European integration?
  • What are possible ways forward?

During the interactive lecture, some teachers that were participating to the seminar underlined that they find it hard to include European Integration into the curricula, whereas some teachers said that they already teach about it. Liesbeth pointed out that one of the best ways to bring European Integration to the classroom is to show the impact of the European Union on our daily lives. Nowadays, every aspect of everyday life is subject to regulations, many of which were created by the EU to guarantee a common standard in all Member States.

For example, you wake up and brush your teeth with water that comes from pipes, and you know the water is not harmful to you because of EU regulations. Then, you might want to eat an apple, or a mandarin, and you can be reasonably sure that it was not subject to more pesticides than the limit set by the EU, and so on.

Furthermore, she continued, in all Member States people have a varying knowledge of the EU and its history. The role of teachers is especially important in this circumstances. It is only by learning about the history of European Integration, its relevance, and the functioning of the Union, that children will be able to form an opinion on their future.

 

The main question, thus, becomes “What do teachers perceive as important information to know about, when talking of the EU integration?”. This question has many different responses. The traditional one would be “high politics” (treaties, summits, or resolutions), focusing more on material interests than ideals. Other answers can be looking at the impact of the EU on everyday life, as Liesbeth explained in her introduction, or by showing successes and failures of the EU on the International Stage, as Helen Snelson suggested in another session of the teaching seminar.

 

The last part of the lecture was dedicated to the discussion of materials which participants are using in their classrooms or what they plan to use. Some participants said that they did not use particular material at the moment, but that they realized the importance of showing the influence of EU on everyday life. Some teachers, on the other hand, teach about EU integration when discussing the nature of democracy, while some others do simulations of elections to the European Parliament in their classrooms for the same purpose.

The main conclusion of the lecture was that teaching about European Integration is a multi-faceted, and not easy, task. There are a variety of approaches and instruments that can be used in doing so. Throughout the thematic seminar, participants got to know some of them.

 

Read more about the seminar in this article.

 

*Liesbeth van de Grift, Associate Professor History of International Relations at Utrecht University, specializes in the history of political representation in Europe. She leads a research project on the role of societal actors, such as consumer groups and environmental organisations, in the history of European integration. She is one of the authors of the textbook on European integration history The Unfinished History of European Integration (Amsterdam University Press, 2018) written for bachelor’s and master’s students.

 

Teaching European Integration. How and Why? – memories from an inspiring training

Veronika Budaiová Association

The thematic seminar on “Teaching European Integration. How and Why?” took place from 22 to 24 November 2019 at the House of European History in Brussels, Belgium. It was organised by EuroClio in collaboration with the House of European History with the aim of introducing new methods to teach about European Integration.

The programme was built around active workshops where new materials were introduced and participants had a chance to exchange their experiences.

The seminar started with words of welcome from EuroClio Executive Director Steven Stegers, from the Head of the House of European History Constanze Itzel, and the Head of the Learning and Outreach Department at the House of European History Ewa Goodman. Then, the programme continued with a keynote lecture by Liesbeth van de Grift making the case for teaching European Integration. The lecture focused on the strategies that participants to the seminar already use when it comes to Teaching European integration. Then, participants dived right into the first possible teaching method: a visit to the permanent exhibition of the House of European History, using the activity sheet for schools. This was followed by a walking tour of the European neighborhood.

The second day of the seminar consisted of a series of active workshops. Helen Snelson, member of the Historiana Teaching and Learning Team, hosted two workshops with materials taken from Historiana.eu. First, she introduced several strategies and activities of teaching EU history. In particular, she put the EU in its broader historical context, showing participants how to connect it to the bigger picture of the history of the European Continent from 1648 (Westphalian Peace) to today. In doing so, Helen introduced also a series of concepts that related to conflict management, and that students might find hard to approach. The activity she used is available at this link. Going further in detail, she tackled the question ‘What makes it possible for Europe to work together and operate as a global power and what are the criteria?’, where she presented examples of successful and unsuccessful cooperation between EU countries, in an effort of establishing what are the features of successful cooperation and global power.

Laurence Bragard introduced the different activities developed by the House of European History. She focused on an activity about the Elections of the European Parliament, in which students analyze the 1979 campaign for the first elections of the EP, comparing it with posters and social media campaign from 2019. This inspiring activity, in which students are gradually introduced to the concept of representative democracy within the EU, is available for free on the website of the House of European History.

Finally, participants had a sneak preview of the toolkit on “how can we best deal with migration?”, developed as part of the VPRO-led project “In Europe at School”. This toolkit makes use of clips from the TV series “In Europe Now” to teach about migration movements in Europe, and to promote critical thinking in students. At the end of the activities of the toolkit, students make their own mini-documentary on the topic of migration. The material was received well by all participants, who suggested new ways of using and improving the toolkit and expressed their interest in the results of the project.

The last day of training kicked off at European Parlamentarium, where participants tried Role-Play Game designed for high school students. There, they had a chance to become Members of the European Parliament and negotiate two (mock) directives. It was an interesting activity, which ask everyone to exit from their comfort zone and take part in debates, journalists’ interviews, lobby missions, and working group meetings.

Finally, Laurence moderated a workshop on identity, and on how people construct their identity. This is a rather sensitive concept, difficult for students of primary or secondary schools to grasp. The activity developed by the House of European History presents a series of step-by-step exercises that guide teachers and students in exploring their own identity(ies), how are identities constructed, and how are identities used to build narratives of inclusion/exclusion.

All in all, the seminar was a successful and inspiring training, where participants from all across Europe got to know about new instruments to teach about the European Integration, and shared their own experiences, challenges, and solutions to a problem, how to interest pupils in EU integration and high politics, that was shared by them all.

We would like to thank all the people that participated to the seminar, as well as the speakers: Laurence Bragard, Helen Snelson, Daniel Bernsen. A great thanks goes to the House of European History and all its staff for co-organizing the seminar and giving us the opportunity of visiting their inspiring permanent and temporary exhibitions.

What happened in wartime, stays in the archive?

Jonathan Even-Zohar Association, EUROCLIO

New national pilot in The Netherlands explores the digitisation of the judicial archive of the post-war persecution of collaborators.

On Friday 13th September over 100 Dutch archivists, historians and other researchers gathered in Amsterdam at the Trippenhuis, seat of the Royal Academy of Science for a very interesting conference “Connect the Dots”. EuroClio asked me to attend as an Ambassador, in particular to see which relevance the content may have for education. Well, in short, not much. Not yet, at least. I did however take plenty of notes and am happy to share these with you if you have a further interest. In this report I’ll illustrate some of the fundamental issues which were presented and debated during a very interesting day.

What is it all about?

The TRIADO project essentially seeks to make one very specific archive more accessible. The Centraal Archief Bijzondere Rechtspleging is the archive of the post-war legal instrument employed to persecute Dutch collaborators and war criminals who supported the Nazi occupation, volunteered in the Nazi war machine, ‘hunted’ the Jews and cracked down on the anti-occupation resistance. This archive of over 14 kilometers of jurisprudence and legal documentation is available at the National Archives, but only by researchers and historians who apply and obtain special approval to see them. In 2025 this legal restriction will expire.

  • Short series of interviews about the project can be viewed here (Dutch)
  • Detailed technical implementation report here (English)

Essentially, the TRIADO project, is a pilot to see what possibilities exist to digitise this special archive and make it more accessible. Big questions arise from this opportunity:

  • Should a digital archive which is that sensitive be available online?
  • What about privacy and information of individuals?
  • How can members of the public, if they are given more access, be supported in responsibly interpreting this archive?

Generally, the meeting was illustrative on a wide variety of challenges and opportunities of The Netherlands Dealing with the Past of collaboration and persecution in the process of the digitisation and the opening up of the special Tribunal archives.

What were some of the interesting issues?

A National 5-Year Documentary

To mark and document this process, the Dutch National Broascaster NOS has dedicated reporter Mr Lex Runderkamp, to follow the developments of this process between 2020 and 2025. As a war correspondent, most recently in Syria, he had always asked himself if he had done enough to raise awareness in the world on the importance of not looking away from crimes against humanity and genocide. A notion he illustrated with the post-war expression in the Netherlands “we did not know”. I found it quite special that the Dutch broadcaster has engaged in a project of five years to see where this will lead to. In particular in 2019-2020, we can see a lot of special attention given to the 75 years anniversary of the end of World War Two. This project puts a focus on war crime, strife and collaboration which is otherwise missing in the public eye.

Fear of the Data

Researchers during this day expressed a general excitement that this archive would be become searchable digitally on full-text level, and were somewhat taken by the presented prototypes which also stimulate them to ask new questions about the nature of collaboration in The Netherlands, for example about average age, types of families, environmental factors, and much more. But eminent sociologist Abram De Swaan expressed his concerns regarding the promise of Big Data in historical and sociological research. One example which he gave was that even if we would have all the wartime diaries digitised, the essential controversy about the big questions (did the citizens know of the Nazi regime horrors? Did they willingly participate, or could they have done more to resist, etc.), would have still been the same. He also pointed to various forms of bias in the sources which are obtained in the process of a trial, where actors act out of social desirability.

Privacy, Memory and History

The current archive is said to be the most consulted physical archive in the country. Ancestors are looking for very personal answers. Who betrayed my grandmother? What crimes was my uncle responsible for? Because of this, the archive carries large emotional loads. During the conference matters around anonymity came up a lot. At the same time a creeping desire to ‘get over it’ and ensure youth today are able to learn from this collection and part of history emerged. It seems to me that this archive tiptoes along the thin line that divides memory and history. Enabling full-text access to his, at the same time, including the opportunities for linked data, was recognised during the conversations as a big risk. One can only imagine a linked open data sort of ‘collaboration heat map’, or worse.

Digital humanities, Design and Diction

The project is coordinated by a network organisation called Netwerk Oorlogsbronnen, which in itself seeks to connect the worlds of research, heritage and technology. A particular presentation about the technical development of this pilot by the Director of the Royal Academy of Science Humanities cluster showed in great details the levels normally not considered by users of technological innovations. It was also very interesting to hear the important European and international infrastructures in digital humanities (such as Clariah, Clarin, Dariah, Cessda, Time Machine, Europeana, Dbpedia and more),on which such a pilot can flourish. It amazed me how much of our language in such projects has become tuned to technological design and development tongue, and can only hope researchers benefit from such projects and the cross-disciplinary learning it offers.

So?

Ultimately, this day took existing questions into a new arena. Researchers affirmed that critical source analysis is important, especially with such a sensitive and somewhat chaotic and technical archive as the War Tribunals one. The desire to provide better service to the "history-hungry” public is worth-while, but each steps should be considered very carefully. The issue of privacy kept coming back. The digital age and the long life of content online presents a special risk in the context of living memories of war which spark emotions of sadness and shame. I will seek to keep following this process over the coming years as well, and one particular issue remained open: what about education?

Jonathan Even Zohar-Zohar (Evenzo Consultancy) is the former Executive Director of EuroClio. He continues to represent EuroClio as an Ambassador. 

Photo credits: Zoeken door CABR-dossiers | Fotoalbum 'Centraal Archievendepot Justitie' | Archief Ministerie van Justitie